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2019年4月

  • Mac自签名ssl证书, 绑定域名启用https

    / 分类: 工具,实践 / No Comments

    生成root CA(仅需一次)

    自签名证书, IOS 13/macOS 10.15有了新规定, 所以需要按如下方式生成.

    # 多个域名都可以用root CA签名
    mkdir ~/.ssl; cd ~/.ssl;
    openssl genrsa -out rootca.key 2048;
    openssl req -new -key rootca.key -out rootca.csr -sha256 -subj "/CN=Dev Root CA"
    echo "basicConstraints=CA:true" > rootca.cnf;
    openssl x509 -req -in rootca.csr -signkey rootca.key -out rootca.crt -extfile rootca.cnf -sha256 -days 825;
    open rootca.crt; # Mac钥匙串 打开(或, 双击文件名)
    # 钥匙串: 搜索 Dev Root CA, 双击证书, 设置始终信任 (Trust - When using this certificate: Always Trust).
    # for Android:
    # openssl x509 -inform PEM -outform DER -in rootca.crt -out rootca.der.crt

    创建本地ssl证书(使用lvh.me域名)

    openssl req -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout lvh.me.key -out lvh.me.csr -sha256 -subj "/CN=lvh.me"
    cat > domain.cnf <<-EOF
    authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
    basicConstraints=CA:false
    keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,dataEncipherment
    extendedKeyUsage=serverAuth,clientAuth
    [email protected]_names
    [alt_names]
    DNS.1=lvh.me
    DNS.2=*.lvh.me
    DNS.3=*.test.lvh.me
    EOF
    # 使用root CA签名
    openssl x509 -req -in lvh.me.csr -out lvh.me.crt -extfile domain.cnf -CA rootca.crt -CAkey rootca.key -CAcreateserial -sha256 -days 825

    lvh.me 是一个指向127.0.0.1的泛域名服务, 优点: 不需要改DNS/hosts, 各项目使用不同的域名方便隔离(比如cookies/密码管理器). 类似的还有xip.io, nip.io, localtest.me, fuf.me, vcap.me等.

    使用Apache或Nginx 绑定域名

    • 使用Apache

      # 1. 编辑 `/etc/apache2/httpd.conf`
      # 注释掉 这些行:
      LoadModule mpm_prefork_module libexec/apache2/mod_mpm_prefork.so
      Include /private/etc/apache2/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
      # 最下面添加:
      Listen 443
      ServerName localhost
      LoadModule mpm_event_module libexec/apache2/mod_mpm_event.so
      LoadModule proxy_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy.so
      LoadModule proxy_http_module libexec/apache2/mod_proxy_http.so
      LoadModule macro_module libexec/apache2/mod_macro.so
      LoadModule ssl_module libexec/apache2/mod_ssl.so
      LoadModule socache_shmcb_module libexec/apache2/mod_socache_shmcb.so
      LoadModule http2_module libexec/apache2/mod_http2.so
      Include /Users/leon/.ssl/httpd-vhosts.conf
      
      # 2. 编辑 ~/.ssl/httpd-vhosts.conf, 增加:
      <Macro SSLLvh>
        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateFile /Users/leon/.ssl/lvh.me.crt
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /Users/leon/.ssl/lvh.me.key
        Protocols h2 http/1.1
      </Macro>
      <Macro Test>
        ServerName test.lvh.me
        ProxyRequests off
        <Location />
          ProxyPass http://localhost:3000/
          ProxyPassReverse http://localhost:3000/
        </Location>
      </Macro>
      <VirtualHost *:80>
        Use Test
      </VirtualHost>
      <VirtualHost *:443>
        Use SSLLvh
        Use Test
      </VirtualHost>
      <Macro Demo>
      # ...
      </Macro>
      <VirtualHost *:443>
        Use SSLLvh
        Use Demo
      </VirtualHost>
      
      # 3. 启动Apache
      # sudo apachectl configtest # test
      sudo apachectl -k restart # 启动
      # sudo apachectl -e debug # print errors
      # sudo launchctl load -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/org.apache.httpd.plist # 开机启动

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